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Optimizing Universal Ballasts Using Magnetic Regulators and Digital Control

Álvarez, J. ; Perdigão, M. ; Gacio, D. Gacio ; Saraiva, E. S.

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics Vol. 58, Nº 7, pp. 2860 - 2871, July, 2011.

ISSN (print): 0278-0046
ISSN (online): 0278-0046

Scimago Journal Ranking: 1,95 (in 2011)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TIE.2010.2076418

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In this paper, a digitally controlled electronic ballast is presented. The ballast corresponds to the so-called universal or multiwatt ballasts, which are intended to operate different lamps with different power ratings without performing any change in the hardware. Thus, the ballast must incorporate some kind of circuitry so that the rated power of the connected lamp can be identified. The ballast must also adjust some of its parameters in order to supply the lamp adequately, which usually means the following: 1) as close as possible to the nominal power and 2) with the best efficiency. In the proposed ballast, the parameters selected to adapt the power circuit to each lamp are the switching frequency and the resonant tank inductance. The resonant tank inductance is varied by means of a magnetic regulator whose inductance can be adjusted through a dc bias current. Due to the relatively high complexity of the proposed converter, a digital control circuit is developed to control both the resonant inverter used to drive the lamp and the dc-dc converter employed to supply the control winding of the magnetic regulator. Experimental results from a laboratory prototype for lamp powers ranging from 15 to 58 W are provided.