New Optimized Full-Bridge, Single Stage AC/DC Converters
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics Vol. 58, Nº 6, pp. 2397 - 2409, June, 2011.
ISSN (print): 0278-0046
Journal Impact Factor: 5,468 (in 2008)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TIE.2010.2060458
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The inclusion of a few additional diodes and passive elements in the high frequency full-bridge AC-DC converter with galvanic isolation, permits to achieve sinusoidal input current wave shaping and output voltage regulation simultaneously, without adding any auxiliary transistors. Recently, this procedure, together with an appropriate control process has been used to obtain low cost high efficiency single-stage converters. In an attempt to improve the performance of such converters, this paper introduces three new single stage full-bridge AC-DC topologies with some optimized characteristics and compares them with the ones of the existing full-bridge single stage topologies. The used approach consists in the definition of the operating principles identifying the boost function for each topology, their operating limits and the dependence between the two involved conversion processes. Experimental results for each topology were obtained in a 500W modular laboratory prototype that was built with the necessary flexibility to allow the realization of each different topology. Comparison was evaluated in terms of input current distortion, efficiency and output voltage disturbances that result from the input current wave shaping process.