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Magnitude Modulation for VSAT’s Low Back-Off Transmission

Gomes, M. ; Cercas, F. ; Silva, V. ; Tomlinson, M.

Journal of Communications and Networks Vol. 12 - Special Issue on Recent Advances in Satellite and Space Communications, Nº 6, pp. 544 - 557, December, 2010.

ISSN (print): 1229-2370
ISSN (online): 1229-2370

Journal Impact Factor: 0,273 (in 2008)

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Abstract
This paper addresses the problem of controlling the envelope’s power peak of single carrier modulated signals, band limited by root-raised cosine (RRC) pulse shaping filters, in order to reduce power amplifier back-off for very small aperture terminals ground stations. Magnitude modulation (MM) is presented as a very efficient solution to the peak-to-average power ratio problem. This paper gives a detailed description of the MM concept and its recent evolutions. It starts by extending the look-up-table (LUT) based approach of the MM concept to M-ary constellations with M ≤ 16. The constellation and RRC symmetries are explored, allowing considerable reduction on LUT computation complex- ity and storage requirements. An effective multistage polyphase (MPMM) approach for the MM concept is then proposed. As opposed to traditional LUT-MM solutions, MM coefficients are computed in real-time by a low complexity multirate filter system. The back-off from high-power amplifier saturation is almost eliminated (reduction is greater than 95%) with just a 2-stage MPMM system even for very demanding roll-off cases (e.g., α = 0.1). Also, the MPMM is independent of modulation in use, allowing its easy application to constellations with M > 16.