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Spontaneous generation of phononic entanglement in quantum dark-soliton qubits

Shaukat, M.

Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Vol. 99, Nº 042326, pp. 042326-1 - 042326-9, April, 2019.

ISSN (print): 1050-2947
ISSN (online): 1094-1622

Journal Impact Factor: 2,808 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevA.99.042326

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Abstract
We show that entanglement between two solitary qubits in quasi-one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates can be spontaneously generated due to quantum fluctuations. Recently we have shown that dark solitons are an appealing platform for qubits thanks to their appreciable long lifetime. We investigate the spontaneous generation of entanglement between dark-soliton qubits in the dissipative process of spontaneous emission. By driving the qubits with the help of oscillating magnetic field gradients, we observe the formation of long distance steady-state concurrence. Our results suggest that dark-soliton qubits are good candidates for quantum information protocols based purely on matter-wave phononics.