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Efficient ternary organic solar cells based on immiscible blends

Farinhas, J. ; Oliveira, R. ; Hansson, R. Hansson ; Ericsson, L. K. E. Ericsson ; Moons, E. Moons ; Morgado, J. ; Charas, A.

Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications Vol. 41, Nº -, pp. 130 - 136, February, 2017.

ISSN (print): 1566-1199
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 3,827 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1016/j.orgel.2016.12.009

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Organic photovoltaic cells based on ternary blends of materials with complementary properties represent an approach to improve the photon-absorption and/or charge transport within the devices. However, the more complex nature of the ternary system, i.e. in diversity of materials' properties and morphological features, complicates the understanding of the processes behind such optimizations. Here, organic photovoltaic cells with wider absorption spectrum composed of two electron-donor polymers, F8T2, poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-alt-bithiophene), and PTB7, poly([4,8-bis[(2′-ethylhexyl)oxy]benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene-2,6-diyl][3-fluoro-2-[(2′-ethylhexyl)carbonyl]thieno[3,4-b]thiophenediyl]), mixed with [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) are investigated. We demonstrate an improvement of 25% in power conversion efficiency in comparison with the most efficient binary blend control devices. The active layers of these ternary cells exhibit gross phase separation, as determined by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Synchrotron-based Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy (STXM).