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Vertex Component Analisys: A Fast Algorithm to Unmix Hyperspectral Data

Nascimento, J. ; Bioucas-Dias, J.

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Vol. 43, Nº 4, pp. 898 - 910, April, 2005.

ISSN (print): 0196-2892
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 3,157 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TGRS.2005.844293

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Given a set of mixed spectral (multispectral or hyperspectral) vectors, linear spectral mixture analysis, or linear unmixing, aims at estimating the number of reference substances, also called endmembers, their spectral signatures, and their abundance fractions. This paper presents a new method for unsupervised endmember extraction from hyperspectral data, termed vertex component analysis (VCA). The algorithm exploits
two facts: 1) the endmembers are the vertices of a simplex and 2) the affine transformation of a simplex is also a simplex. In a series of experiments using simulated and real data, the VCA algorithm competes with state-of-the-art methods, with a computational
complexity between one and two orders of magnitude lower than the best available method.