Creating and sharing knowledge for telecommunications
Evaluation of research proposals includes, besides the expected results, the methodology and the quality and experience of the research team, which confers credibility to the proposal, and finally the costs.
Since research proposals cannot guarantee results, proposals often require costs to be presented by groups such as personnel, equipment, consumables, and overheads, where personnel costs may represent around 60 to 70 % of the total.
When most active researchers in Portugal were faculty (paid by the state budget) it made perfect sense that such personnel costs should not be considered in the project budget.
Recently, following public policy, many R&D institutions, have been actively contracting researchers, that are no longer faculty, and so their associated costs are no longer paid by the state budget. In this case, it makes no sense to consider these costs as non-eligible.
This is a very serious situation for many research units in the middle and long term unless research funding becomes less dependent on state funds and research is limited to short-term applications attractive to industry and services.
Carlos Salema
IT Board
Our highlights of this month...
Novel IT invention for improving the performance of wireless communications systems

IT, together with the Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, was granted the national patent nr. PT 115901 (INPI, 2021), entitled “Unit-cell, phase-shifting surface for electromagnetic beam steering, related system, and method."

Congratulations to the team of inventors, namely the researchers from Antennas & Propagation Group at IT Leiria, Mário Vala, João Reis, and Rafael Caldeirinha.

We've gotten in touch with the research team to know more about this patent’s advantageous technique in wireless communication systems, including cellular such as 5G. 

keep reading >>
DISCRETION project will reinforce the autonomy of the European Defense in secure communications
The appearance of two quantum computers and their potential to “break” most of the encryptions is going to make military communications increasingly vulnerable. It is in this context that the DISCRETION project arises.
The entities Brain, UFU, from Brazil, and IT, from Portugal, just signed an agreement that aims to speed up or develop new R&D (Research and Development) projects, promote and exchange knowledge.

BacalhauNET team wins 5G Grand Challenge, an international competition on Artificial Intelligence (AI)
BacalhauNET, a team with José Rosa, a Master's student in Electrotechnical Engineering at the Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão (ESTG) of the Polytechnic of Leiria, was the big winner of the ITU AI/ML in 5G Grand Challenge.
5GAIner is the result of a partnership between these three entities and aims to support the development and testing of new solutions linked to artificial intelligence (AI) and the new mobile network.

DSPMetroNet – Digital Signal Processing functions for Simplified Coherent Transceivers in Optical Metropolitan Networks is an R&D project, coordinated by Nelson Muga, currently running in the Optical Quantum Communications and Technologies group at the Instituto de Telecomunicações, in Aveiro. 
The main objective of the DSPMetroNet project is to investigate, develop, and validate new technological paradigms in terms of optical detection schemes and (Digital Signal Processing) DSP tools to support future optical metropolitan networks. 
keep reading >>

In this new corner of the Newsletter, we catch up with our researchers who unravel their insightful visions for the near future of their research areas.

Take a peek at the chronicle "Machine Learning Everywhere", where Mário Figueiredo unravels his vision for the research in Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence! 

Machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) are spreading through the academic and research world like a wildfire, and there are few (if any) scientific and technological areas that still remain untouched. From a research niche two or three decades ago, ML&AI grew into a strong body of knowledge and tools that is deeply impacting the world in many ways. The impact of ML&AI in society at large is widely discussed, from the explosive expansion of ML&AI-driven social media to ethical concerns about automating decisions, using ML&AI, that affect people. [...]

keep reading >>
Don't miss our upcoming events...
 45th WOCSDICE & 16th EXMATEC 2022
03-06 May 2022
Workshop on Compound Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Circuits held in Europe & Expert Evaluation and Control of Compound Semiconductor Materials and Technologies
For all graduate students enrolled in a recognised academic program, there is an extra encouragement to attend the Conference, the WOCSDICE EXMATEC 2022 Awards. Open call for papers until 11 February 2022. 
 QCMC 2022 
11-15 July 2022
International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement and Computing (QCMC)
Since 1990, QCMC was established to encourage scientists and engineers working in the interdisciplinary field of quantum information science and technology. 
Among others, It is organized by the Physics of Information and Quantum Technologies Group, from IT & Instituto Superior Técnico (IST).

 CSNDSP 2022 
20-22 July 2022
Recall for the 13th IEEE/IET International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP)
Since 1998, CSNDSP has been recognized as an international forum to present and exchange research findings and discuss future research topics in the fields of communication systems, communications networks, digital signal processing, and other related areas. Open call for papers until 16 February 2022.
14-16 September 2022
Recall for the 8th EAI International Conference on Smart Objects and Technologies for Social Good
EAI GOODTECHS 2022 will be focused on cutting-edge experiences with the design, implementation, deployment, operation, and evaluation of smart objects and technologies for Social Good. Open call for papers until 22 March 2022.
more events >>
Cristiano Ferreira Gonçalves
Load Insensitive Radio Frequency Power Amplifiers

Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering by the University of Aveiro, on December 09 2021.  His research work culminated in the Ph.D. thesis entitled “Load Insensitive Radio Frequency Power Amplifiers”, supervised by Pedro Miguel da Silva Cabral and José Carlos Esteves Duarte Pedro, both from IT – Aveiro.
He studied and proposed power amplifiers capable of maintaining performance under non-optimal operating scenarios, such as unpredicted load variations.
He is currently a Researcher/Engineer at Huawei Technologies Sweden.

Pedro Tomé

I joined IT (Aveiro) in Dec. 2013 as an undergraduate apprentice researcher after Prof. Telmo Cunha (IT-Aveiro, UA) invited me to learn about nonlinear circuits and systems for wireless communications. From that point on, Prof. Telmo Cunha and I kept a close working relationship, and in Nov. 2016 I joined the MAP-tele Doctoral Program in Telecommunications with Prof. Telmo Cunha as my supervisor, Dr. Filipe Barradas (IT-Aveiro) as my co-supervisor, and the rest of the Wireless Circuits and Systems group—at the time led by Prof. José Carlos Pedro (IT-Aveiro, UA)—as a hub for personal growth and technical discussions regarding my research work. During the four years of my Ph.D., finished in Nov. 2020, I dove very deep into the beautiful world of radio-frequency power amplifiers based on gallium nitride high-electron-mobility transistors and studied their unique long-term nonlinear memory effects.

In Dec. 2020 I moved to Munich, Germany, with my fiancée and my cats to join Apple’s cellular RF engineering team. Every day at work I apply core learnings and skills that I acquired throughout my Ph.D. at IT: from RF laboratory measurement techniques to digital signal processing, system-level analysis and technical writing. Of course, these are very important skills to have acquired; but the contribution of IT to my development as an engineer goes well beyond these tangible skills. Rather, it is the ability to see things further, the audacity to think differently, and the tenacity to challenge the impossible that truly define my learning experience at IT. It is this culture that I take with me every day to work, and it is this culture that I owe to the people that make up IT—from its professors and researchers to its technical, administrative and supporting staff.

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