Creating and sharing knowledge for telecommunications
Thoughts from the President...

Academic degrees, master and doctorate, are granted by universities and in the case of master degree also by polytechnics. However, it is often forgotten or even neglected, the fact that the candidates' theses, in Portugal, at least in engineering, are almost always carried out in R&D units. Yet in the evaluation of these units, the importance of hosting master and doctorate students appears to be (almost) neglected.

In the past, a doctor degree was almost equivalent to an entrance ticket to a professorship, often within the same university that granted the degree. But the situation is changing, and changing rapidly, at least in engineering. A recognition of the added value of the master degree is the frequency of its request by Industry and services. Such a demand for the doctor degree is not yet here, possibly because the number of available candidates is still low by European standards or because the industry level does not yet require such an advanced expert.

Portuguese industry and services competitiveness can and should not be based on low salaries but on the quality and productivity of its workforce, requiring a higher percentage of master and doctor holders. This is the main reason to praise and give the appropriate credit to the R&D centres that host, train and tutor master and doctorate students.

Carlos Salema
Our highlights this month
We are proud to announce the Aveiro Open Lab: an advanced fiber and radio access infrastructure that is turning Aveiro into a living trial city for 5G technologies! 
find out more >>
Mário Figueiredo named Fellow of the European Association for Signal Processing
The IT researcher was distinguished  for "contributions to optimization algorithms for sparsity-based and wavelet-based signal processing".
They are green, efficient and safer to drive. But what if these cars could also power our devices, our home, or even our entire neighborhood?     
IT researchers have developed a unique solution for car seat covers, which aims to improve road safety by monitoring drivers' biometric signs.
When quantum mechanics meets cyber security
Nuno Silva (IT/UA) tells us about QuRunner, an IT project working on a quantum random number generator (QRNG) network server.
In the broadest sense, the term Internet of Things (IoT) encompasses everything connected to global cyberspace. IoT links smart devices, sensors, machines, computers, and software to improve data collection, processing, and analysis, benefiting and enhancing the way people work and live. However, the success of this connected world introduced by IoT will strongly depend on ensuring confidentiality, integrity, and availability of IoT solutions and data, while preventing security vulnerabilities and threats. 
Security by design is an approach that ensures security controls and mechanisms are taken into account and effectively embedded during the design and development phases of new devices, applications, and solutions for IoT. This is the scope of SECURIoTESIGN.

The project tackles the potential lack of adequate cybersecurity knowledge and skills among device makers and developers, which constitute major challenges for implementing security in IoT, often resulting in neglecting this aspect in favor of innovative functionality and ease of use, as well as prioritizing speed-to-market. 
SECURIoTESIGN seeks to overcome these challenges by researching and delivering easy-to-use tools that can be used to enhance the development of secure IoT systems.
keep reading >>
Don't miss our upcoming events...

Making ML Models fairer
through explanations, feature dropout, and aggregations

3 February, 2021 | 18.00 - 19.00
In this talk, Miguel Couceiro (Université de Lorraine) will address fairness issues of ML models based on decision outcomes, and show how the simple idea of feature dropout followed by an ensemble approach can improve model fairness without compromising its accuracy.

ConfTELE 2021 - Telecoms Conference
11 - 12 February, 2021
Virtual event
Follow ConfTELE from home! Due to the ongoing pandemic and travel restrictions, the 12th conference on telecommunications is coming this year with a virtual venue. Yet it's still bringing together researchers, engineers and students to present and discuss the latest advances and emerging trends in all fields of telecommunications.
more events >>
Filipa Sequeira
Intensity based POF sensors for water quality assessments 

PhD in Physical Engineering by the University of Aveiro (UA), June 2020, supervised by Lúcia Bilro (IT/UA), Rogério Nogueira (IT) and Alisa Rudnitskaya (CESAM/UA).
Her work developed, characterized and optimized Plastic Optical Fibers (POF) sensors for water quality assessment and to detect contaminants, using intensity based low-cost sensing schemes. 
Filipa is currently a Postdoc Researcher at IT, in Aveiro.

Daniel Duarte
Optical Multiparameter Platform for the Quality Monitoring of Liquids

PhD in Physical Engineering by the University of Aveiro, July 2020, supervised by Lúcia Bilro (IT/UA) and Rogério Nogueira (IT). The thesis proposed the development of optical sensors for the quality monitoring of liquids, namely for the turbidity, color and refractive index parameters and based on the physical principles of air-gap fiber to fiber transmission and total reflection of light.
Daniel is currently a R&D Engineer at Watgrid, S.A, based in Aveiro.
Daniel Malafaia 

My first contact with Instituto de Telecomunicações was during my Masters thesis in 2012. A year later I started my PhD within the MAP-tele Doctoral Program in Telecommunications. During that time, I was able to develop RF systems, such as a radar system to wirelessly monitor patients’ biometric signals, a see-through-wall radar and also a spectrum sensing device.

When I finished my PhD, I started working for a German start-up called Eluminocity, based in Munich, where I was able to deploy some of the knowledge that I acquired at IT in order to develop radars for smart city environments. I then moved on to a Post-Doc position at INESC TEC, where I developed new methods of reflectometry analysis based on machine learning for biomedical applications. The methods used the reflected signals from both optical and radar sources.

Currently, I am working at Vestas, a Danish wind turbine manufacturer, as a Radar System Architect. In this job, I help define the technology roadmap and developments of the InteliLight radar system, which allows wind farm aviation lights to be switched off during normal operation, and only to be activated when an aircraft is approaching or on a collision course with a wind farm.

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