A deeper look into the infrastructure
The access infrastructure is supported on state-of-the-art fibre technology, reconfigurable radio units, 5G-NR radio and 5G network services, WiFi, LoRaWAN, Vehicular, and passive Radars, edge computing units, aggregating and interconnecting a panoply of sensors, such as environmental sensors, Lidars, Radars and mobility sensors, and remote information gathering units that extend throughout the urban area of the city of Aveiro.
The data gathering from all these elements provides the necessary conditions to support services and applications such as:
The following figure represents the overall diagram of the infrastructure, architecture and services of the Aveiro Open Lab.
Fig. 1 - Diagram of infrastructure, architecture and services of Aveiro Open Lab.
The access infrastructure is based on last generation fibre link technology (16km of length, depicted in Fig. 2), reconfigurable radio units and 5G network services, in 44 strategic places covering the urban area of Aveiro. These points are deployed in a form of Smart Lamp Posts or wall boxes on building facades, and their location is depicted in Fig. 3.
Fig. 2 - Map of the fiber deployment all over Aveiro. Red network is phase 1 (completed). Blue network is phase 2 (under completion).
Fig. 3 - Map of the 44 points of the infrastructure deployed in Aveiro.
Smart Lamp Posts are represented by blue points and wall boxes on building facades are represented by icones of green houses.
Examples of Smart Lamp Posts and wall boxes are depicted in Fig. 4 and 5, respectively (for more examples, please go to https://aveiro-open-lab.pt/infrastructures and click on each point - the figure of the access infrastructure in that place will be shown).
Fig. 5a) Smart Lamp Post top structure drawing. Fig. 5b) Picture of Smart Lamp Post deployed in Aveiro.
Fig. 6a) Wall boxes for building facades drawing. Bigger box integrates all the equipment and the top box makes room for the antennas.
Fig. 6b) Wall boxes deployed in the Art Nouveau Museum of Aveiro.
The communications infrastructure integrates a communication network with radio terminals, multiprotocol, spread throughout the city, connected by fibre optics to a data processing centre (located at the Institute of Telecommunications - Fig. 7).
Fig. 7 - Datacenter located in Instituto de Telecomunicações Aveiro.
This network is complemented by mobile and fixed sensor equipment and mobile communication equipment installed in vehicles or carried by the STEAM City users.
Mobile equipment aspect
Moreover, vehicular communication and sensors equipment are installed in buses and garbage collection vehicles, which currently record mobility and environmental data, making a complete live map of these parameters in the city, and providing the required data for traffic monitoring and safe driving systems. Some examples are the following equipment:
The mobile sensor equipment installed in public transport (10 buses) and 3 garbage collectors are composed of:
Figure 8 - Mobile sensing unit. Figure 9 - Mobile communication unit.
Aveiro Open Lab makes use of mobile sensing devices and other geolocation sensors installed on vehicles (buses and municipality cars), bicycles and boats (“moliceiros”). The available mobile sensing information comprises GPS location, speed and heading, temperature and sound, which enables the complete mobility map of the city. In the future, it will also gather data from people’s smartphones through their connectivity in the city.
In addition to the physical communication infrastructure, Aveiro STEAM City’s team is deploying radars, LiDARs, video cameras and computing units. Information coming from these devices is aggregated and correlated to give insights on the people’s flow, providing concrete elements for new solutions on public transportation, bike sharing systems, safety-critical systems, and to identify problems and optimize the mobility in the city.
This approach will be extended to the municipality vehicles, bicycles and boats in the city. A set of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are also considered as mobile sensing units to gather data from the city and give support to patrolling and traffic management.
Finally, a smart parking system is being installed in the train station new parking area in Aveiro, with sensors communicating to special gateways, providing real-time information of available parking spaces in the area, both to the Digital Urban Platform and the citizens.
Examples of tests under development:
Figure 10 - Data of average speed of the buses represented in a map.
Figure 11 - Measured power (blue) vs. maximum limit for the transmitting power (red) for different frequency ranges.
Figure 12 - Measured power in different frequencies of the spectrum during a week in the IT 2 entrance door.
Some partnerships are already ongoing with the Aveiro STEAM City project where they take advantage of the infrastructure of the Aveiro Open Lab.
Aveiro Open Lab is available for research all over IT and beyond. Researchers can test their own protocols, mechanisms, prototypes (anything that would be useful to have in a real lab), or explore collected data, by contacting firstname.lastname@example.org.
For the infrastructure map, the data being collected by the sensing network and for further information on the living lab, visit the Aveiro Open Lab website.